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In-Running Blog

In-Running Ratings Results History

A note on the accuracy of IPMIN data: The figures shown only include actual bets matched and placed while in-play so it does not include bets placed pre-race that have been subsequently matched in-play using the keep bets option. In most cases the horse will have probably traded several price ticks shorter than the price shown for small amounts.

The '% of BSP' percentages are worked out as implied odds and not as a direct comparison of the BSP to IPMIN. To go from 4.0 to 2.0 (a DOB), the implied odds would go down from 3/1 to evens in traditional bookmaking prices and this is what is calculated (the 1 point stake is removed from both the BSP and IPMIN).

The icons in the '% of BSP' column signify whether the selection has dobbed, please see the legend at the bottom of the page for details.

[July 2014] [August 2014] [September 2014] [October 2014] [November 2014] [December 2014] [January 2015] [February 2015] [March 2015] [April 2015] [May 2015] [June 2015] [July 2015] [August 2015] [September 2015] [October 2015] [November 2015] [December 2015] [January 2016] [February 2016] [March 2016] [April 2016] [May 2016] [June 2016] [July 2016] [August 2016] [September 2016] [October 2016] [November 2016] [December 2016] [January 2017] [February 2017] [March 2017] [April 2017] [May 2017] [June 2017] [July 2017] [August 2017] [September 2017] [October 2017] [November 2017] [December 2017] [January 2018] [February 2018] [March 2018] [April 2018] [May 2018] [June 2018] [July 2018] [August 2018] [September 2018] [October 2018] [November 2018] [December 2018]

May 2015 Results

Date Race Horse name Rating BSP IPMIN % of BSP
1 May 2015 18:40 Punchestown 2m Nov Hrd Alton Bay
5.39 5.20 96%
1 May 2015 17:30 Punchestown 2m Grd1 Hrd Faugheen
1.19 1.01 5%
2 May 2015 14:30 Newmarket 5f Grp3 Justice Day
13.72 4.00 24%
2 May 2015 14:15 Goodwood 1m4f Listed Dream Child
7.20 2.96 32%
2 May 2015 14:00 Newmarket 1m1f Hcap Persona Grata
0.00 0.00 DNR
2 May 2015 16:35 Thirsk 1m Hcap Ty Gwr
39.14 24.00 60%
2 May 2015 17:00 Punchestown 3m1f Hcap Chs Cootamundra
65.78 38.00 57%
2 May 2015 17:00 Punchestown 3m1f Hcap Chs Katnap
7.22 4.50 56%
2 May 2015 16:20 Newmarket 6f Hcap Felix Leiter
9.57 7.20 72%
2 May 2015 15:50 Punchestown 2m2f Grd1 Hrd Annie Power
1.34 1.01 3%
2 May 2015 15:05 Newmarket 1m4f Grp2 Pethers Moon
4.39 4.10 91%
2 May 2015 15:45 Newmarket 1m Grp1 Gleneagles
5.79 1.01 0%
2 May 2015 15:45 Newmarket 1m Grp1 Elm Park
0.00 0.00 DNR
2 May 2015 19:15 Doncaster 6f Hcap Counter Ridge
26.94 20.00 73%
2 May 2015 19:00 Hexham 2m Nov Hrd Venue
1.39 1.01 3%
2 May 2015 17:35 Punchestown 2m4f Hcap Hrd Measureofmydreams
42.29 23.00 53%
3 May 2015 15:40 Newmarket 1m Grp 1 Osaila
9.04 7.80 85%
3 May 2015 15:00 Newmarket 6f Hcap Shore Step
16.85 8.80 49%
3 May 2015 15:55 Hamilton 5f Cond Stks Canny Kool
5.30 1.01 0%
3 May 2015 15:40 Newmarket 1m Grp 1 Malabar
16.00 10.00 60%
4 May 2015 13:45 Warwick 2m Nov Hcap Chs Queen Olivia
12.71 2.50 13%
4 May 2015 16:20 Kempton 2m Hcap Chs Bellenos
5.20 1.50 12%
4 May 2015 16:20 Kempton 2m Hcap Chs Duke Of Navan
2.97 2.90 96%
4 May 2015 15:55 Beverley 7f App Hcap Three Gracez
4.60 1.01 0%
4 May 2015 15:40 Bath 2m1f Hcap Arty Campbell
0.00 0.00 DNR
4 May 2015 15:25 Windsor 1m Hcap Persona Grata
3.75 3.85 104%
4 May 2015 15:10 Kempton 3m Hcap Chs Gallery Exhibition
8.60 5.20 55%
4 May 2015 14:55 Warwick 2m4f Hcap Chs Prince Des Marais
9.81 1.01 0%
5 May 2015 19:10 Ballinrobe 2m1f Hcap Hrd Deano
0.00 0.00 DNR
5 May 2015 19:20 Exeter 2m7f Hcap Hrd Weather Babe
15.87 1.01 0%
5 May 2015 20:10 Ballinrobe 2m1f Hcap Chs Boher Call
0.00 0.00 DNR
5 May 2015 20:10 Ballinrobe 2m1f Hcap Chs De Benno
0.00 0.00 DNR
6 May 2015 15:20 Kelso 3m2f Hcap Chs Revocation
5.10 3.00 49%
7 May 2015 14:40 Chester 1m2f Grp 3 Windhoek
8.54 5.00 53%
7 May 2015 14:40 Chester 1m2f Grp 3 Maverick Wave
5.52 1.01 0%
7 May 2015 14:40 Chester 1m2f Grp 3 Air Pilot
3.44 2.20 49%
7 May 2015 14:40 Chester 1m2f Grp 3 Cannock Chase
2.63 1.07 4%
7 May 2015 14:20 Worcester 2m7f Hcap Chs Sergeant Dick
5.40 1.69 16%
7 May 2015 13:50 Worcester 2m4f Hcap Chs Vujiyama
5.50 5.40 98%
7 May 2015 19:20 Wincanton 2m Nov Hcap Chs All But Grey
5.36 1.01 0%
7 May 2015 18:40 Carlisle 2m3f Nov Hrd Wolf Sword
1.58 1.01 2%
7 May 2015 16:55 Chester 6f Hcap Navigate
11.50 1.01 0%
7 May 2015 16:00 Worcester 2m4f Hcap Hrd Smoking Jacket
24.00 25.00 104%
8 May 2015 16:55 Chester 7f Mdn Stks Plaisir
0.00 0.00 DNR
8 May 2015 15:45 Chester 5f Hcap Accipiter
0.00 0.00 DNR
8 May 2015 15:10 Chester 1m5f Grp 3 Clever Cookie
12.38 1.01 0%
8 May 2015 14:50 Market Rasen 2m4f Hcap Chs Crookstown
17.00 6.40 34%
8 May 2015 19:15 Cork 2m4f Hcap Hrd Im All You Need
0.00 0.00 DNR
8 May 2015 19:10 Ascot 6f Hcap Van Ellis
0.00 0.00 DNR
8 May 2015 19:10 Ascot 6f Hcap Red Pike
5.19 2.02 24%
8 May 2015 19:10 Ascot 6f Hcap Major Jack
8.36 1.36 5%
8 May 2015 17:50 Downpatrick 2m2f Hcap Hrd Feel The Air
3.65 1.35 13%
8 May 2015 17:40 Cork 5f Hcap Primo Uomo
0.00 0.00 DNR
8 May 2015 17:40 Cork 5f Hcap Kimbay
0.00 0.00 DNR
8 May 2015 17:35 Ascot 2m App Hcap Arty Campbell
17.00 3.20 14%
8 May 2015 19:45 Ascot 7f Hcap Four Seasons
8.05 4.00 43%
9 May 2015 13:45 Haydock 3m Hcap Hrd Serienschock
14.45 11.00 74%
9 May 2015 13:45 Haydock 3m Hcap Hrd The Govaness
8.20 2.02 14%
9 May 2015 16:05 Lingfield 7f Grp3 New Providence
3.70 1.52 19%
9 May 2015 16:10 Nottingham 6f Listed Stks Divine
0.00 0.00 DNR
9 May 2015 16:35 Haydock 2m6f Int Hcap Chs Its A Gimme
10.70 9.00 82%
9 May 2015 17:05 Haydock 2m4f Hcap Chs Glen Countess
5.10 1.01 0%
9 May 2015 16:05 Lingfield 7f Grp3 Al Thakhira
5.50 4.60 80%
9 May 2015 15:45 Ascot 7f Hcap Speculative Bid
12.50 1.01 0%
9 May 2015 15:25 Haydock 2m Grd3 Hcap Hrd Cheltenian
11.50 5.20 40%
9 May 2015 15:25 Haydock 2m Grd3 Hcap Hrd Court Minstrel
0.00 0.00 DNR
9 May 2015 15:40 Gowran Park 1m4f App Hcap Caridadi
20.14 6.60 29%
9 May 2015 15:45 Ascot 7f Hcap Zarwaan
9.62 3.00 23%
10 May 2015 17:25 Killarney 2m4f Chs Finians Rainbow
0.00 0.00 DNR
10 May 2015 17:25 Killarney 2m4f Chs Baily Green
2.08 1.55 51%
10 May 2015 16:15 Ludlow 2m Hcap Chs Sir Valentino
8.33 4.40 46%
10 May 2015 16:00 Plumpton 2m5f Hcap Hrd Blue Bear
12.50 5.00 35%
10 May 2015 15:15 Ludlow 2m5f Hcap Hrd Bonne Fee
8.71 7.00 78%
10 May 2015 14:50 Killarney 2m1f Mdn Hrd Round Tower
4.30 4.20 97%
11 May 2015 18:05 Doncaster 7f Hcap Three Gracez
2.36 1.01 1%
11 May 2015 17:40 Killarney 2m4f Hrd Baily Green
0.00 0.00 DNR
11 May 2015 20:10 Killarney 2m6f Hunt Chs Mtada Supreme
10.21 4.00 33%
12 May 2015 15:30 Limerick 2m Hcap Hrd Deano
6.20 1.70 13%
12 May 2015 15:55 Beverley 1m Hcap Queens Park
10.66 8.00 72%
12 May 2015 18:55 Southwell 2m4f Hcap Hrd Howwrongcanyoube
18.21 28.00 157%
12 May 2015 18:55 Southwell 2m4f Hcap Hrd Ballythomas
65.06 55.00 84%
13 May 2015 14:40 York 6f Hcap Pipers Note
12.85 3.60 22%
13 May 2015 14:30 Kempton 2m Mdn Hrd Destinys Gold
3.10 2.00 48%
13 May 2015 14:10 York 1m2f Hcap Ty Gwr
75.38 65.00 86%
13 May 2015 16:20 York 7f Hcap Spryt
46.50 3.00 4%
13 May 2015 15:15 York 6f Grp2 Glass Office
95.61 1.01 0%
13 May 2015 15:15 York 6f Grp2 Mattmu
17.87 1.55 3%
13 May 2015 15:15 York 6f Grp2 Justice Day
20.00 19.00 95%
13 May 2015 15:15 York 6f Grp2 Astaire
9.03 3.20 27%
13 May 2015 20:15 Bath 1m5f Hcap Rowlestone Lass
0.00 0.00 DNR
13 May 2015 18:35 Naas 6f Hcap Ohh Lala
9.78 8.80 89%
14 May 2015 15:15 York 1m2f Grp 2 Elm Park
5.00 1.81 20%
14 May 2015 14:40 York 1m2f Grp 2 Lady Tiana
0.00 0.00 DNR
14 May 2015 14:40 York 1m2f Grp 2 Belle Dor
7.16 7.40 104%
14 May 2015 14:40 York 1m2f Grp 2 Bragging
3.28 2.64 72%
14 May 2015 17:20 York 2m Hcap Dr Irv
26.04 20.00 76%
14 May 2015 17:20 York 2m Hcap Lycidas
9.60 1.01 0%
14 May 2015 16:20 York 5f Listed Profitable
18.91 1.01 0%
14 May 2015 16:20 York 5f Listed Zuhoor Baynoona
8.00 3.15 31%
14 May 2015 16:20 York 5f Listed Blue Aegean
8.92 2.06 13%
14 May 2015 19:05 Tipperary 2m4f Hcap Chs De Benno
15.59 3.00 14%
14 May 2015 20:00 Newmarket 1m Hcap Cascading Stars
19.69 1.69 4%
15 May 2015 17:00 Newbury 1m2f Hcap Russian Remarque
20.32 10.00 47%
15 May 2015 16:20 York 5f Hcap Miss Mullberry
29.64 29.00 98%
15 May 2015 15:35 Newmarket 1m2f Hcap Kastini
4.40 2.42 42%
15 May 2015 17:35 Newbury 1m4f Hcap Now What
15.00 12.00 79%
15 May 2015 18:35 Aintree 2m1f Nov Hrd Venue
6.00 5.20 84%
15 May 2015 19:05 Aintree 2m4f Hcap Hrd Remind Me Later
8.80 5.80 62%
15 May 2015 19:05 Aintree 2m4f Hcap Hrd Kayf Blanco
21.00 4.60 18%
16 May 2015 14:00 Newbury 1m4f Listed Gatewood
12.00 11.00 91%
16 May 2015 16:35 Newmarket 1m4f Hcap Captain Navarre
0.00 0.00 DNR
16 May 2015 15:45 Newbury 1m Grp 1 Yuften
50.16 15.50 29%
16 May 2015 15:45 Newbury 1m Grp 1 Captain Cat
21.62 13.50 61%
16 May 2015 15:45 Newbury 1m Grp 1 Moohaarib
12.27 4.70 33%
16 May 2015 15:45 Newbury 1m Grp 1 Integral
4.47 2.38 40%
16 May 2015 14:35 Newbury 6f Listed Angelic Lord
0.00 0.00 DNR
16 May 2015 17:10 Newmarket 5f Hcap Come On Dave
0.00 0.00 DNR
17 May 2015 14:15 Navan 6f Stks Toscanini
2.27 1.01 1%
17 May 2015 16:55 Navan 1m2f Hcap Ringside Humour
7.53 4.00 46%
17 May 2015 15:55 Navan 1m6f Grp3 Answered
4.46 1.33 10%
17 May 2015 15:25 Stratford 2m4f Hcap Chs One Term
8.00 5.60 66%
17 May 2015 15:00 Limerick 2m3f Hcap Hrd Caridadi
43.25 48.00 111%
18 May 2015 18:25 Roscommon 1m2f Hcap Pat Harkin
4.39 3.50 74%
18 May 2015 20:25 Roscommon 2m5f Hcap Chs De Benno
11.01 1.60 6%
19 May 2015 17:30 Newton Abbot 2m6f Nov Hrd Miss Serious
10.50 1.01 0%
19 May 2015 16:30 Nottingham 1m Class Stks Champagne Bob
0.00 0.00 DNR
19 May 2015 15:50 Newcastle 1m2f Hcap Rembrandt Van Rijn
0.00 0.00 DNR
19 May 2015 15:00 Nottingham 2m Hcap Rowlestone Lass
15.30 5.90 34%
19 May 2015 14:20 Newcastle 5f Mdn Stks Soie Dleau
4.20 1.01 0%
19 May 2015 19:00 Newton Abbot 2m5f Hcap Chs Sergeant Dick
2.16 1.97 84%
20 May 2015 14:10 Warwick 2m5f Nov Hrd Benissimo
1.11 1.01 9%
20 May 2015 17:00 Lingfield 7f Hcap Purple Lane
27.00 3.50 10%
20 May 2015 16:40 Warwick 2m Hcap Hrd Oyster Shell
22.74 20.00 87%
20 May 2015 16:40 Warwick 2m Hcap Hrd King Alfonso
14.43 2.30 10%
20 May 2015 16:30 Lingfield 6f Hcap Escrick
5.20 2.10 26%
20 May 2015 15:40 Warwick 3m1f Hcap Hrd Weather Babe
0.00 0.00 DNR
20 May 2015 15:40 Warwick 3m1f Hcap Hrd Taj Badalandabad
0.00 0.00 DNR
20 May 2015 15:20 Ayr 7f Hcap Art Obsession
6.06 3.00 40%
20 May 2015 19:50 Southwell 3m Hcap Hrd Storm To Pass
25.78 19.00 73%
21 May 2015 16:50 Wetherby 3m1f Hcap Chs Deciding Moment
0.00 0.00 DNR
21 May 2015 15:05 Wetherby 2m Hcap Chs Robins Command
5.00 4.90 98%
22 May 2015 15:40 Haydock 5f Hcap Wanting
5.30 1.01 0%
22 May 2015 17:10 Goodwood 6f Hcap Major Jack
3.35 2.20 51%
22 May 2015 19:40 Musselburgh 5f Hcap Bowson Fred
3.25 1.08 4%
22 May 2015 19:05 Cork 6f Hcap Little Sweetheart
32.77 14.00 41%
23 May 2015 15:55 Curragh 1m Grp2 Pelerin
11.50 8.00 67%
23 May 2015 16:20 Haydock 6f Hcap Bushcraft
0.00 0.00 DNR
23 May 2015 16:30 Curragh 1m2f Hcap Ringside Humour
14.73 15.00 102%
23 May 2015 16:55 Haydock 7f Hcap Amazour
3.13 1.01 0%
23 May 2015 16:55 Haydock 7f Hcap Navigate
3.90 3.20 76%
23 May 2015 15:45 Haydock 5f Grp 2 Pretend
0.00 0.00 DNR
23 May 2015 15:45 Haydock 5f Grp 2 Justice Day
15.54 14.00 89%
23 May 2015 15:20 Curragh 1m Grp1 Gleneagles
1.45 1.01 2%
23 May 2015 13:25 Haydock 1m4f Hcap Captain Navarre
33.94 27.00 79%
23 May 2015 14:00 Haydock 2m Hcap John Reel
15.48 3.50 17%
23 May 2015 14:35 Haydock 1m Hcap Salateen
9.80 8.00 80%
23 May 2015 14:45 Curragh 6f Grp2 Gordon Lord Byron
6.65 3.30 41%
23 May 2015 14:45 Curragh 6f Grp2 Astaire
4.38 3.10 62%
23 May 2015 15:10 Haydock 6f Listed Divine
0.00 0.00 DNR
23 May 2015 18:50 Ffos Las 2m Nov Hrd Curious Carlos
1.85 1.01 1%
24 May 2015 14:15 Curragh 6f Hcap Kimbay
15.64 3.05 14%
25 May 2015 14:05 Leicester 1m2f Hcap Russian Remarque
9.61 2.52 18%
25 May 2015 14:55 Windsor 1m2f Hcap Rembrandt Van Rijn
0.00 0.00 DNR
25 May 2015 15:50 Leicester 6f Hcap Accipiter
28.00 24.00 85%
25 May 2015 16:10 Cartmel 2m5f Hcap Chs Glen Countess
6.60 3.25 40%
25 May 2015 19:30 Ballinrobe 2m Hcap Hrd Im All You Need
17.23 2.02 6%
25 May 2015 17:05 Redcar 5f Hcap Landing Night
3.77 2.40 51%
26 May 2015 16:30 Leicester 7f Hcap Three Gracez
14.00 1.96 7%
26 May 2015 16:30 Leicester 7f Hcap Elis Eliz
15.69 15.50 99%
26 May 2015 16:30 Leicester 7f Hcap Cascading Stars
104.75 30.00 28%
26 May 2015 20:30 Ballinrobe 2m7f Hcap Chs Realt Mor
26.30 24.00 91%
26 May 2015 19:00 Ballinrobe 2m4f Mdn Hrd Ballybryan
38.00 7.60 18%
27 May 2015 19:20 Gowran Park 1m Stks Ringside Humour
4.10 1.01 0%
27 May 2015 18:50 Gowran Park 7f Hcap Dandysteps
6.39 4.50 65%
27 May 2015 16:15 Hamilton 1m Hcap Lil Sophella
5.83 1.02 0%
27 May 2015 20:30 Newton Abbot 2m Hcap Chs All But Grey
7.00 2.98 33%
27 May 2015 20:30 Newton Abbot 2m Hcap Chs Siobhans Beauty
6.80 4.90 67%
28 May 2015 17:40 Wetherby 2m4f Nov Hrd Promanco
1.29 1.01 3%
28 May 2015 15:50 Haydock 6f Hcap Meshardal
10.00 4.10 34%
28 May 2015 15:10 Worcester 2m NHF New Providence
2.84 2.70 92%
28 May 2015 14:10 Worcester 2m7f Hcap Chs Grouse Lodge
21.20 19.00 89%
28 May 2015 19:45 Sandown 1m2f Grp3 Arab Spring
3.71 1.14 5%
28 May 2015 19:45 Sandown 1m2f Grp3 Tryster
4.80 4.00 79%
29 May 2015 15:45 Newcastle 2m Hcap Dr Irv
9.11 5.00 49%
29 May 2015 15:55 Brighton 1m4f Hcap Quest For Wonder
3.33 1.01 0%
29 May 2015 18:55 Stratford 3m4f Nov Chs Mr Mercurial
4.60 4.00 83%
29 May 2015 18:55 Stratford 3m4f Nov Chs Following Dreams
3.86 1.16 6%
29 May 2015 18:25 Stratford 3m3f Hcap Hrd Weather Babe
7.19 1.17 3%
29 May 2015 18:20 Tramore 2m Mdn Hrd The Brock Inn
2.26 2.36 108%
29 May 2015 20:50 Haydock 1m4f Hcap Linganno Felice
8.40 5.00 54%
29 May 2015 20:30 Stratford 2m1f Chs Can Mestret
5.20 2.48 35%
29 May 2015 20:00 Stratford 3m4f Chs Chosen Milan
10.65 4.00 31%
29 May 2015 20:00 Stratford 3m4f Chs Paint The Clouds
1.87 1.03 3%
29 May 2015 19:50 Tramore 2m6f Beg Chs Knockraha Prince
48.86 17.00 33%
30 May 2015 14:35 Haydock 7f Grp 3 Ansgar
34.00 27.00 79%
30 May 2015 14:20 York 1m6f Listed Nabatean
9.70 2.48 17%
30 May 2015 14:20 York 1m6f Listed Clever Cookie
3.40 1.01 0%
30 May 2015 14:00 Haydock 1m4f Grp 3 Lady Tiana
9.20 4.10 38%
30 May 2015 15:45 Haydock 6f Grp 2 New Providence
18.86 5.00 22%
30 May 2015 15:45 Haydock 6f Grp 2 Mattmu
8.53 5.50 60%
30 May 2015 15:45 Haydock 6f Grp 2 Limato
2.22 1.90 74%
30 May 2015 15:10 Haydock 5f Listed Pretend
0.00 0.00 DNR
30 May 2015 15:10 Haydock 5f Listed Canny Kool
24.57 12.00 47%
30 May 2015 15:10 Haydock 5f Listed Music Master
2.96 2.22 62%
30 May 2015 14:55 York 5f Hcap Addictive Dream
67.83 21.00 30%
30 May 2015 16:30 Newmarket 6f Hcap Discussiontofollow
6.40 3.85 53%
30 May 2015 16:30 Newmarket 6f Hcap Red Pike
6.00 5.60 92%
30 May 2015 16:20 Haydock 6f Hcap Mythmaker
5.37 3.85 65%
30 May 2015 19:55 Stratford 2m Hcap Hrd Oyster Shell
33.36 20.00 59%
30 May 2015 19:25 Stratford 2m1f Hcap Chs Its A Gimme
6.80 1.60 10%
30 May 2015 18:15 Chepstow 5f Hcap Warm Order
30.00 29.00 97%
30 May 2015 17:20 Chester 1m2f Hcap Rembrandt Van Rijn
6.00 1.01 0%
31 May 2015 15:45 Nottingham 5f Hcap Van Ellis
0.00 0.00 DNR
50% of BSP 108/181
20% of BSP 66/181
10% of BSP 49/181
Legend
Table Item Definition
Winner! In-running Rating based on previous career runs
Dobbed
Failed to DOB
Did not run / Price below 4.0 (not suitable for dobbing)
BSP Betfair Starting Price
IPMIN Minimum price matched In-Play
% of BSP Price different from BSP to IPMIN
Green Text Has traded to or below 50% of BSP
Orange Text Has traded to or below 20% of BSP
Red Text Has traded to or below 10% of BSP
[July 2014] [August 2014] [September 2014] [October 2014] [November 2014] [December 2014] [January 2015] [February 2015] [March 2015] [April 2015] [May 2015] [June 2015] [July 2015] [August 2015] [September 2015] [October 2015] [November 2015] [December 2015] [January 2016] [February 2016] [March 2016] [April 2016] [May 2016] [June 2016] [July 2016] [August 2016] [September 2016] [October 2016] [November 2016] [December 2016] [January 2017] [February 2017] [March 2017] [April 2017] [May 2017] [June 2017] [July 2017] [August 2017] [September 2017] [October 2017] [November 2017] [December 2017] [January 2018] [February 2018] [March 2018] [April 2018] [May 2018] [June 2018] [July 2018] [August 2018] [September 2018] [October 2018] [November 2018] [December 2018]